The Nilgiris, because of its natural charm and pleasant climate, was a place of Special attraction for the Europeans. The Name ‘Nilgiris’ means Blue hills (Neelam – Blue and giri – Hill or Mountain) the first mention of this name has been found in the Silappadikaram.
Nilgiri or Blue Mountains is also the name given to a range of mountains spread across the states of Tamilnadu as well as Karnataka and Kerala. They are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. The highest point is the mountain of Doddabetta, with a height of 2,637 m. The district is mainly contained within this mountain range.
The Nilgiris District is basically a Horticulture District and the entire economy of the district depends upon the success and failure of Horticulture Crops like Potato, Cabbage, Carrot, Tea, Coffee, Spices and Fruits. The main cultivation is plantation Crops, viz., Tea and Coffee.
Web : http://www.nilgiris.tn.gov.in/